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Redding is a city in Northern California, located off Interstate 5, with the Sacramento River coursing through it. It is the county seat of Shasta County, California, USA. With a 2010 Census population of 89,861, Redding is the largest city in the Shasta Cascade region and is the fourth largest city in the Sacramento Valley behind Sacramento, Elk Grove, and Roseville.
Redding is located at 40°34′36″N 122°22′13″W (40.576606, -122.370325). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 61.2 square miles (159 km2). 59.6 square miles (154 km2) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it (2.50%) is beneath water.
Redding is nestled at the very northwestern end of the Central Valley, which transitions into the Cascade foothills. The city is surrounded by mountains to the north, east, and west; and fertile farm land to the south. Outermost parts of the city are actually part of the Cascade foothills, whereas southern and central areas are in the Sacramento Valley.
Elevation can vary greatly in different parts of Redding, because the city is extremely spread out. Downtown Redding is 495 feet (151 m) on average, whereas anywhere to the north, east, or west of downtown ranges between 550–800 feet. Southern portions range between 400 and 500 feet (150 m). This is why outermost fringes have a better chance of snow in the winter than right in the central area.
The Shasta Dam on the Sacramento River provides a considerable level of flood protection for Redding. The dam is capable of controlling flows up to 79,000 cubic feet (7,300 cubic meters) per second. Flow rate exceeded this threshold in both 1970 and 1974.
Soils in and around Redding are mostly of loam or gravelly loam texture, well drained, with red or brown mineral horizons. They are slightly or moderately acidic in their natural state.
Redding has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa), with hot dry summers and mild wet winters. Winter (October–April) provides the most precipitation of any season in Redding—the weather tends to be either rainy or foggy and at times snow occurs. Summers are hot and dry, but rain is possible, usually with a thunderstorm. The average daily maximum temperature in July stays near 100 °F (38 °C). The highest official recorded temperature in Redding, CA was 118 °F (48 °C) on July 20, 1988. That was recorded at the Redding airport which is a few miles away from Redding. Some people in town, however, recorded as high as 122 °F (50 °C) that same day. Redding has an average possible sunshine of 88%, the second-highest percentage (after Yuma, Arizona) of any US city. While snow in Redding is uncommon, Redding does receive an average of 4.8 inches (12 cm) of wet snow annually. Redding rarely gets sleet and freezing rain; snow is more common. Frost occurs commonly in December through February, less often in March or April. Redding can have chilly to cold winters like the rest of the Central Valley, of which Redding is in the northernmost part. In spring, rain is common. Tornadoes are extremely rare; flooding occurs only around the area near the Sacramento river. The coldest temperature recorded in Redding was 7 °F (−14 °C).
As of the census of 2000, there were 80,865 people, 32,103 households, and 20,995 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,383.8 people per square mile (534.3/km²). There were 33,802 housing units at an average density of 578.4 per square mile (223.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.7% White, 1.1% African American, 2.2% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.4% of the population.
There were 32,103 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was above age 64. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,194, and the median income for a family was $41,164. Males had a median income of $35,985 versus $24,652 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,207. 15.6% of the population and 11.3% of families were below the poverty line. 21.2% of those under the age of 18, and 7.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
According to the 2000 census, there were 114,424 people in both the city and unincorporated areas of Redding’s 3 ZIP codes. There were 31,585 people in 96001, 4,254 live west of the city limits or in nearby Keswick. In 96002, there were 30,333 people, 2,361 of which lived in Churn Creek Bottom. In 96003, there were 41,463 people, 10,543 of which lived in either unincorporated areas of Redding or Shasta Lake City, northern and western portions of Bella Vista, including all of Jones Valley. Of the entire population, 86,223 lived in the city or urban areas and 17,145 lived in the country.
The city council is composed of Rick Bosetti (mayor), Patrick H. Jones (vice mayor), Missy McArthur, Francie Sullivan, and Gary Cadd. The city manager is Kurt Starman.
The city operates under the council-manager form of government.